CBSE CLASS 6TH SCIENCE CHAPTER 1 (NOTES) FOOD AND WHERE DOES IT COMES FROM

SUNIL MISHRA SIR

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CBSE CLASS 6TH SCIENCE

CHAPTER 1 (NOTES)

FOOD AND WHERE DOES IT COMES FROM

Food

The component that we consume, which provides nourishment to the body, is called food.

E.g., Rice, chapati, curry, fruits, vegetables, cheese, bread, milk, curd, butter, etc.



Ingredients

The components or materials required to prepare a food item are called as ingredients.

E.g., different types of vegetables, spices are ingredients for sambar.



Food Materials and Sources

Food Items

We eat different food items every day.

Each of these food items requires ingredients to make them.

E.g., Chicken curry is made with chicken, spices, oil/ghee, and water.



Food Sources

The ingredients of a food item can be obtained from either plants or animals.

So there are plant products and animal products.

E.g., We get rice grains from rice plants.

Chicken is an animal source of food.

Items like salt and water make a third category.



Plant Parts and Animal Products as Food


Plant Products

The food products that we get from plants are called as the plant products.

E.g., ginger is the root of a plant that we use in cooking.


Animal Products

The food products that we get from animals are called animal products.

E.g. Milk, butter, chicken, meat, honey, etc.



What Do Animals Eat?


Food Habits

The method of eating or choices of food followed by living organisms is called as food habit.

E.g. a rabbit eats grass or plant-based food.


Herbivores


Animals that feed on plants are called herbivores.

E.g., cow, goat, etc.



Carnivores

Animals that feed on other animals are called carnivores.

E.g., lion, tiger, etc



Omnivores

Animals that feed on both plants and other animals are called omnivores.

E.g., bears. They feed on flesh as well as honey

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