Lesson 5 Land of the Pharaohs


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Lesson 5 

Land of the Pharaohs

1. Tick (✔) the correct alternative :

a. Ishan and his mother visited ( Giza/ Luxor/ Alexandria) to see the pyramids.

b. A pyramid is a huge (rectangular/cylindrical/triangular) monument.

c. River ( Nile/ Bhagirathi / Volga ) flows through Egypt.

d. The teen emperor of Egypt was ( Khufu/ Cephran/ Tutenkhamun).

2. Complete the following sentences with information from the text :

a. The Pharaohs lived around five thousand years ago

b. Sphinx is a rock statue with a human head and a lion’s body.

c. Ishan’s mother went to fetch a couple of sandwiches and water from the car.

d. The Egyptian priests preserved the dead bodies by using spices, chemicals, and oils.

3. Answer the following question :

Why do you think that at the end of the day, Ishan tells his mother that he likes history?

Initially, history seemed a boring subject to Ishan as it is full of dry facts hard to remember. But when the Sphinx helped him to visualise the glimpses of ancient Egyptian history, he found it no more dull or boring. So, he told his mother that he began to like history. 

4. Fill in the chart with information from the text :

The Sphinx
is a rock statue with a human head and a lion’s body


saw the river Nile
the Sphinx took him back to history
Royal persons
had to go through mummification

before burial

Howard Carter
dug Tutenkhamun’s tomb

in 1922

5. Answer the following questions in complete sentences :

a. Why was Ishan’s father not able to accompany him to Egypt?

Ishan’s mother won a prize at a singing competition. It sponsored the tour to Cairo for two persons only. And his father wanted Ishan and his mother to go there.

b. What does the Sphinx represent?

The Sphinx represents intelligence and strength.

c. Name the biggest pyramid of Egypt.

Pharaoh Khufu’s pyramid is the biggest pyramid in Egypt.

d. Why was Ishan’s mother surprised when she returned to her son?

When Ishan’s mother returned to her son, she was surprised because Ishan did not move a single step from the spot where she left him.

6.(a). Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs :

i. The girl is playing alone.

ii. A carpenter and a blacksmith live  in our street.

iii. The king  is very powerful.

iv. The sisters and brothers  are running in the field.

6.(b). Fill in the blanks with verbs in agreement with their subjects :

i. Curry and rice is my favourite dish.

ii. No news is  good news.

iii. Everyone is  present today in the class.

iv. Neither his father nor his mother  is alive.

6.(c). Using the Help Box fill in the blanks with suitable adverbs. The type of adverb you need to use is indicated in the brackets :

i. The book is well written. (Manner)

ii. I cannot find my pet dog here .(Place)

iii. You shall soon  see a film. (Time)

iv. The soldiers fought bravely .(Manner )

Help Box : well, bravely, here, soon, early

7. Make meaningful sentences of your own with the following words:

Monument : There is an ancient monument in our village.

Mummy : There is a mummy in the Indian Museum.

Civilisation : Harappa civilisation is an ancient civilisation.

Spot :  We spent our leisure time on the spot./ There is a nice picnic spot beside the river.

8.(a). Imagine one day you are walking back home from school. Suddenly you see something which was not there before - a strange door in an old familiar building. As you touch the door it slowly opens inviting you to a different world. Write in about sixty words a paragraph on your sudden visit to such a strange place, using the following hints :

name of the place-description of the place-sights and sounds-what interested you the most-your feelings

8.(b). Using the information given below, write a paragraph in about sixty words on the river Nile, the longest river of the world:

Name of the river---------------The Nile


Length ---------------------------6,650 km

Flows into-----------------------The Mediterranean Sea

Why so important to the------ provided water, food, transportation, excellent soil

ancient Egyptians

Cities near the river------------Cairo, Port Said, Alexandria

i. The Nile river is the longest river in the world.

ii. It is situated in Africa.

iii. The Nile flows through Africa and joins the Mediterranean sea.

iv. It has a length of about 6,695 kilometres (4,160 miles).

v. The Nile receives its name from the Greek ‘Neilos’, which means a valley or river valley.

vi. The river was highly important to the Egyptians because it provided food, water and the soil of the river bank was very fertile.

vii. Cairo, port said, Alexandria are some of the important cities near the river. 

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