• SCHOOL BOARDS
  • WBBSE/WBCHSE
  • CLASS 7
  • ENGLISH
  • LESSON 1 || THE BOOK OF NATURE || JAWAHARLAL NEHRU || PART -2 || WBBSE || WEST BENGAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION || CLASS 7 || CHAPTER 1 || TEXTUAL GRAMMAR || COMPREHENSIONS || NOTES FROM THE BOOK OF NATURE

LESSON 1 || THE BOOK OF NATURE || JAWAHARLAL NEHRU || PART -2 || WBBSE || WEST BENGAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION || CLASS 7 || CHAPTER 1 || TEXTUAL GRAMMAR || COMPREHENSIONS || NOTES FROM THE BOOK OF NATURE

NOUREEN MA'AM

Language : Bengali

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LESSON-1

THE BOOK OF NATURE

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

PART-2




Activity-5

Identify which of the following statements are true and which are false. Give a supporting statement for each of your answer.


(a) Fairy tales are rich in imagination  (T)

Supporting statement: This would be very interesting for we could imagine anything we  wanted to and would thus make up the most beautiful fairy tales.


(b) We have no means to know about the far-off days (F)

Supporting statement: We have rocks and mountains and seas, and stars, and rivers and deserts and fossils of old animals.


(c) The alphabet of nature is like the Hindi or the English alphabet. (F)

Supporting statement: The alphabet of nature is like pebbles, rivers, fossils etc.


(d) We can learn a lot about our world from the rivers and mountains. (T)

Supporting Statement: We have rivers, mountains etc. to learn about the world.


Activity-6

Complete the following sentences with information from the text:

(a) No book could have been written in old times because men did not exist then.

(b) To be able to read any language one have to learn its alphabet.

(c) A small pebble was definitely a part of big rock.

(d) On the beaches at the seaside, little children can play and make castles out of the sand. 


Activity-7

Fill in the following chart with information from the text:


1. Statement: Fairy tales need not be true.

Reason: as it would not be based on any facts that we had seen.


2. Statement: A piece of rock looks different from a pebble.

Reason: each bit is rough and has corners and rough edges.


3. Statement: A bit of rock from some mountain side reaches a little valley.

Reason: The rain washed it down to the little valley.


4. All pebbles do not become sand.

Reason: Somehow the river left the pebble behind and you find it. 


Activity-8

Answer the following questions:


(a) Which are the things around us that tell us about the earth’s early tale ?

Ans- We have something which tells us a great deal as well almost as a book would. We have rocks and mountains and seas and stars and rivers and deserts and fossils of old animals. These and other like things are our books for the earth’s early story.


(b) Why does a pebble have a smooth surface?

Ans- The pebbles have a smooth surface because all the while it rolled at the bottom of the river and its edges were worn away and its rough surface made smooth and shiny.

(c) How does a pebble become grains of sand ?

Ans- When the river carried the pebble on its way, it would have become smaller and smaller till it became a grain of sand and made a beautiful beach.


(d) What does the author mean by “The Great Book of Nature”?

Ans- By “The Great Book of Nature” the author means to say that the real way to understand the early story of earth with the help of the materials lies on it like rocks, mountains, seas, rivers, deserts and fossils etc.


Activity-9

Rearrange the sentences in the correct order by writing the numbers in the brackets.One is done for you.


(a) The rock is taken to a big river by the little river. (2)

(b) At last it is turned into grains of sand. (6)

(c) It becomes a pebble. (4)

(d) A bit of rock is pushed by a mountain stream into a little river. (1)

(e) The pebble becomes smaller because it is carried on and on by the river. (5)

(f) The edges of the rock are worn away and its rough surface is made smooth. (3)


Activity-10


               

1. Fascinating - (f) very interesting or charming

2. Merely - (d) only or just.

3. Fortunately - (e) luckily.

4. Alphabet - (a) the set of letters in a language.

5. Surface - (b) top visible side.

6. worn - (c) became damaged by use.



Activity-11

Replace the underlined words with suitable opposite words from the box. There are some extra words.


Hopeful, lost, add, left, ugly, late, sad, rough


(a) The man became famous in the early years of his life.

Ans-late

(b) She is looking very happy.

Ans-Sad

(c) The trunk of this huge tree has a smooth bark.

Ans-rough

(d) Jatin found his pencil box on his way to school.

Ans-lost

(e) Smita learnt to subtract.

Ans- add


Activity-12(a)

Rahims father is a well-known person. The honorable M.L.A. of the area is his relative.He has donated a good sum of money to the local library for buying new books. The Library is located near the girls high school. Sabinas brother and Akrams sister often visit the library. They like to read childrens story books and Tagores poems. Their parents also go there to read newspapers after the days work.


Ans- Rahim’s, girl's; Sabinas' ; Akram’s; Children’s; Tagore’s; Day’s


Activity-12(b)

Rewrite the following passage using contracted forms of words wherever applicable:


The teacher said,” We all know you are a good student. I cannot understand why you have done such a thing. You should not behave rudely with your classmates. Promise me, you will always remember what I have said.”

The student realised his mistake. He said,”Sir, I am sorry. I shall never behave like this.”


Ans- The teacher said,” we all know you’re a good student. I can’t understand why you have done such a thing. You shouldn’t behave rudely with your classmates. Promise me, you’ll always remember what I’ve said.”

The student realised his mistake. He said,”Sir, I’m sorry. I’ll never behave like this.”


Activity-13(a)




Fill in the chart correctly:


Activity-13(b)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives:


Yesterday I forgot to take back my pen from sunil. I gave him mine in the class because he didn’t bring his.

The little girl has torn her clothes. “But why are your clothes dirty?” asked the mother to the girl’s elder brothers. “We have soiled our clothes while playing outside,” they said.


Activity-14(a)

Nirmal hasn’t replied the correct format. Rewrite the letter correctly for him.


Delhi-110092

32/4 MG Road

Estern Extension



Dear Kanan,

        I got your letter yesterday. Thank you for your invitation to go on a tour of Rajasthan together. But my mother is very ill. She is going to have heart surgery early next month. So we can’t join you for the tour. Please don’t mind. Wish you a happy and memorable visit to Rajasthan.


I am Nirmal, my dear friend

22/1 Hill Road, Siliguri


Correct format


Nirmal

22/1 Hill Road, Siliguri

Dear Kanan,

        I got your letter yesterday. Thank you for your invitation to go on a tour of Rajasthan together. But my mother is very ill. She is going to have heart surgery early next month. So we can’t join you for the tour. Please don’t mind. Wish you a happy and memorable visit to Rajasthan.

Yours loving friend,

Nirmal


Kanan

Delhi-110092

32/4 MG Road

Estern Extension


Activity-14(b)

Write a letter to your friend in about 75 words telling him/her about a short tour you had recently gone to. Mention the places you had visited, how you travelled, people who accompanied you, your sightseeing and your enjoyment of the tour.

10, Park street

Kolkata-700016

5/5/22

My dear Puja,

        After a long time I am writing this letter to you. Hope you are fine. Today I am writing this letter to share a visit to Darjeeling which I recently had. As you know my love for hills, I could not resist myself to visit a hill station.

Last month I went to Darjeeling with my parents and my siblings.

Darjeeling is a very beautiful place. The weather was very cool. We also enjoyed the snow fall at night. We got an excellent view of Kanchenjunga mountain at sunrise from Tiger Hill. It was a spell-bound moment. We also visited some other places of Darjeeling like zoological park, Batasia loop and steam engine led toy train. All in one it was a never faded memory in my mind.

If you have time to visit the hill station, go for it. No more today. Convey my regards to your parents.

Yours loving friend, 

Ronita


Puja Sen

Bikram Nagar                              

Hooghly                          

WB-712193


Activity-15

Study the following picture carefully.

Now write a paragraph in about 75 words describing this picture of a village fair. Use the following words and phrases:


Fairground, crowd, merry-go-round, circus tent, shops and counters, balloon-seller, fun, enjoyment.


Began like this:

A village fair is a popular event in the countryside.


A Village Fair


A village fair is a popular event in the countryside. It is an annual grandeur of the villagers based on a culture. It is usually held on an open place either in a vast ground or in a river bank.The Fair lasts for two to seven days or more. There are hundreds of stalls selling various articles. Such as toys, balloons wooden-utensils, earthen pots, household goods, baskets etc. There are several numbers of food stalls like sweets, fast food, etc. The chief attention of the fair is circus party, merry-go-round, puppet show and Jatra. The crowd of this fair is a meeting ground of old and the young, the rich and the poor which takes the enjoyment to another level. This fair is considered as an important part of village culture.


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